Android系统启动之zyogte进程java(上)

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目录

第一篇:Android系统启动之bootloader
第二篇:Android系统启动之Init流程(上)
第三篇:Android系统启动之Init流程(下)
第四篇:Android系统启动之init.rc文件解析过程
第五篇:Android系统启动之zyogte进程
第六篇:Android系统启动之zyogte进程java(上)
第七篇:Android系统启动之zyogte进程java(下)
第八篇:Android系统启动之SystemServer

AppRuntime类

上篇文章提到,其实最后创建虚拟机的就是这个类.

这个类在android系统中十分重要.

AndroidRuntime类是安卓底层系统超级重要的一个类,它负责启动虚拟机以及Java线程。AndroidRuntime类是在一个进程中只有一个实例对象,并将其保存在全局变量gCurRuntime中

AppRuntime类构造函数:

AndroidRuntime::AndroidRuntime(char* argBlockStart, const size_t argBlockLength) :
        mExitWithoutCleanup(false),
        mArgBlockStart(argBlockStart),
        mArgBlockLength(argBlockLength)
{
    //初始化skia图形系统
    SkGraphics::Init();
    // There is also a global font cache, but its budget is specified by
    // SK_DEFAULT_FONT_CACHE_COUNT_LIMIT and SK_DEFAULT_FONT_CACHE_LIMIT.

    //预先分配空间来存放传入虚拟机的参数
    // Pre-allocate enough space to hold a fair number of options.
    mOptions.setCapacity(20);

    //断言判断gCurRuntime是否为空,保证只能被初始化一次
    assert(gCurRuntime == NULL);        // one per process
    gCurRuntime = this;
}

构造函数主要做的事情:
1. 初始化skia图形系统
2. 预先分配空间来存放传入虚拟机的参数
3. 断言判断gCurRuntime是否为空,保证只能被初始化一次

注:skia是google的第一个底层的图形、图像、动画、SVG、文本等多方面的图形图,是Android图形系统的引擎。skia作为第三方软件放在external目录下: external/skia/。

start函数

然后便会调用start函数:

/*
 * Start the Android runtime.  This involves starting the virtual machine
 * and calling the "static void main(String[] args)" method in the class
 * named by "className".
 *
 * Passes the main function two arguments, the class name and the specified
 * options string.
 */
void AndroidRuntime::start(const char* className, const Vector<String8>& options, bool zygote)
{
    ALOGD(">>>>>> START %s uid %d <<<<<<\n",
            className != NULL ? className : "(unknown)", getuid());

    static const String8 startSystemServer("start-system-server");
//******************* 第一部分**********************************************
    /*
     * 'startSystemServer == true' means runtime is obsolete and not run from
     * init.rc anymore, so we print out the boot start event here.
     */
    for (size_t i = 0; i < options.size(); ++i) {
        if (options[i] == startSystemServer) {
           /* track our progress through the boot sequence */
           const int LOG_BOOT_PROGRESS_START = 3000;
           LOG_EVENT_LONG(LOG_BOOT_PROGRESS_START,  ns2ms(systemTime(SYSTEM_TIME_MONOTONIC)));
        }
    }
//******************* 第二部分**********************************************
    const char* rootDir = getenv("ANDROID_ROOT");
    if (rootDir == NULL) {
        rootDir = "/system";
        if (!hasDir("/system")) {
            LOG_FATAL("No root directory specified, and /android does not exist.");
            return;
        }
        setenv("ANDROID_ROOT", rootDir, 1);
    }

    //const char* kernelHack = getenv("LD_ASSUME_KERNEL");
    //ALOGD("Found LD_ASSUME_KERNEL='%s'\n", kernelHack);
//******************* 第三部分**********************************************
    /* start the virtual machine */
    JniInvocation jni_invocation;
    jni_invocation.Init(NULL);
    JNIEnv* env;
    if (startVm(&mJavaVM, &env, zygote) != 0) {
        return;
    }
//******************* 第四部分**********************************************
    onVmCreated(env);
//******************* 第五部分**********************************************
    /*
     * Register android functions.
     */
    if (startReg(env) < 0) {
        ALOGE("Unable to register all android natives\n");
        return;
    }
//******************* 第六部分**********************************************
    /*
     * We want to call main() with a String array with arguments in it.
     * At present we have two arguments, the class name and an option string.
     * Create an array to hold them.
     */
    jclass stringClass;
    jobjectArray strArray;
    jstring classNameStr;

    stringClass = env->FindClass("java/lang/String");
    assert(stringClass != NULL);
    strArray = env->NewObjectArray(options.size() + 1, stringClass, NULL);
    assert(strArray != NULL);
    classNameStr = env->NewStringUTF(className);
    assert(classNameStr != NULL);
    env->SetObjectArrayElement(strArray, 0, classNameStr);

    for (size_t i = 0; i < options.size(); ++i) {
        jstring optionsStr = env->NewStringUTF(options.itemAt(i).string());
        assert(optionsStr != NULL);
        env->SetObjectArrayElement(strArray, i + 1, optionsStr);
    }
//******************* 第七部分**********************************************
    /*
     * Start VM.  This thread becomes the main thread of the VM, and will
     * not return until the VM exits.
     */
    char* slashClassName = toSlashClassName(className);
    jclass startClass = env->FindClass(slashClassName);
    if (startClass == NULL) {
        ALOGE("JavaVM unable to locate class '%s'\n", slashClassName);
        /* keep going */
    } else {
        jmethodID startMeth = env->GetStaticMethodID(startClass, "main",
            "([Ljava/lang/String;)V");
        if (startMeth == NULL) {
            ALOGE("JavaVM unable to find main() in '%s'\n", className);
            /* keep going */
        } else {
            env->CallStaticVoidMethod(startClass, startMeth, strArray);

#if 0
            if (env->ExceptionCheck())
                threadExitUncaughtException(env);
#endif
        }
    }
    free(slashClassName);

    ALOGD("Shutting down VM\n");
    if (mJavaVM->DetachCurrentThread() != JNI_OK)
        ALOGW("Warning: unable to detach main thread\n");
    if (mJavaVM->DestroyJavaVM() != 0)
        ALOGW("Warning: VM did not shut down cleanly\n");
}

void AndroidRuntime::exit(int code)
{
    if (mExitWithoutCleanup) {
        ALOGI("VM exiting with result code %d, cleanup skipped.", code);
        ::_exit(code);
    } else {
        ALOGI("VM exiting with result code %d.", code);
        onExit(code);
        ::exit(code);
    }
}

start函数主要做了七件事:
1. 判断是否是启动systemServer。
2. 从环境变量ANDROID_ROOT中读取系统目录。
3. 初始化jni接口, 并启动虚拟机, 即调用startVm函数。
4. 调用onVimCreate()函数. 该函数是一个虚函数,调用它实际上调用的是继承类的AppRuntime中的重载函数。
5. 注册系统的JNI函数
6. 准备启动Java类的main函数的环境
7. 启动Zygoteinit类的main()函数(java)

到这里就将Zygoet的初始化将转移到Java。O(∩_∩)O哈哈~

附上启动虚拟机的代码

/*
 * Start the Dalvik Virtual Machine.
 *
 * Various arguments, most determined by system properties, are passed in.
 * The "mOptions" vector is updated.
 *
 * CAUTION: when adding options in here, be careful not to put the
 * char buffer inside a nested scope.  Adding the buffer to the
 * options using mOptions.add() does not copy the buffer, so if the
 * buffer goes out of scope the option may be overwritten.  It's best
 * to put the buffer at the top of the function so that it is more
 * unlikely that someone will surround it in a scope at a later time
 * and thus introduce a bug.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success.
 */
int AndroidRuntime::startVm(JavaVM** pJavaVM, JNIEnv** pEnv, bool zygote)
{
    JavaVMInitArgs initArgs;
    char propBuf[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char stackTraceFileBuf[sizeof("-Xstacktracefile:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jniOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xjniopts:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heapstartsizeOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xms")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heapsizeOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xmx")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heapgrowthlimitOptsBuf[sizeof("-XX:HeapGrowthLimit=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heapminfreeOptsBuf[sizeof("-XX:HeapMinFree=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heapmaxfreeOptsBuf[sizeof("-XX:HeapMaxFree=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char usejitOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xusejit:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jitmaxsizeOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xjitmaxsize:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jitinitialsizeOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xjitinitialsize:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jitthresholdOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xjitthreshold:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char useJitProfilesOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xjitsaveprofilinginfo:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jitprithreadweightOptBuf[sizeof("-Xjitprithreadweight:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char jittransitionweightOptBuf[sizeof("-Xjittransitionweight:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char gctypeOptsBuf[sizeof("-Xgc:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char backgroundgcOptsBuf[sizeof("-XX:BackgroundGC=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char heaptargetutilizationOptsBuf[sizeof("-XX:HeapTargetUtilization=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char cachePruneBuf[sizeof("-Xzygote-max-boot-retry=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatXmsImageFlagsBuf[sizeof("-Xms")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatXmxImageFlagsBuf[sizeof("-Xmx")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatXmsFlagsBuf[sizeof("-Xms")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatXmxFlagsBuf[sizeof("-Xmx")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatCompilerFilterBuf[sizeof("--compiler-filter=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatImageCompilerFilterBuf[sizeof("--compiler-filter=")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatThreadsBuf[sizeof("-j")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatThreadsImageBuf[sizeof("-j")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oat_isa_variant_key[PROPERTY_KEY_MAX];
    char dex2oat_isa_variant[sizeof("--instruction-set-variant=") -1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oat_isa_features_key[PROPERTY_KEY_MAX];
    char dex2oat_isa_features[sizeof("--instruction-set-features=") -1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatFlagsBuf[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char dex2oatImageFlagsBuf[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char extraOptsBuf[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char voldDecryptBuf[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    enum {
      kEMDefault,
      kEMIntPortable,
      kEMIntFast,
      kEMJitCompiler,
    } executionMode = kEMDefault;
    char localeOption[sizeof("-Duser.locale=") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char lockProfThresholdBuf[sizeof("-Xlockprofthreshold:")-1 + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char nativeBridgeLibrary[sizeof("-XX:NativeBridge=") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char cpuAbiListBuf[sizeof("--cpu-abilist=") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char methodTraceFileBuf[sizeof("-Xmethod-trace-file:") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char methodTraceFileSizeBuf[sizeof("-Xmethod-trace-file-size:") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];
    char fingerprintBuf[sizeof("-Xfingerprint:") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX];

    bool checkJni = false;
    property_get("dalvik.vm.checkjni", propBuf, "");
    if (strcmp(propBuf, "true") == 0) {
        checkJni = true;
    } else if (strcmp(propBuf, "false") != 0) {
        /* property is neither true nor false; fall back on kernel parameter */
        property_get("ro.kernel.android.checkjni", propBuf, "");
        if (propBuf[0] == '1') {
            checkJni = true;
        }
    }
    ALOGV("CheckJNI is %s\n", checkJni ? "ON" : "OFF");
    if (checkJni) {
        /* extended JNI checking */
        addOption("-Xcheck:jni");

        /* with -Xcheck:jni, this provides a JNI function call trace */
        //addOption("-verbose:jni");
    }

    property_get("dalvik.vm.execution-mode", propBuf, "");
    if (strcmp(propBuf, "int:portable") == 0) {
        executionMode = kEMIntPortable;
    } else if (strcmp(propBuf, "int:fast") == 0) {
        executionMode = kEMIntFast;
    } else if (strcmp(propBuf, "int:jit") == 0) {
        executionMode = kEMJitCompiler;
    }

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.stack-trace-file", stackTraceFileBuf, "-Xstacktracefile:");

    strcpy(jniOptsBuf, "-Xjniopts:");
    if (parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jniopts", jniOptsBuf, "-Xjniopts:")) {
        ALOGI("JNI options: '%s'\n", jniOptsBuf);
    }

    /* route exit() to our handler */
    addOption("exit", (void*) runtime_exit);

    /* route fprintf() to our handler */
    addOption("vfprintf", (void*) runtime_vfprintf);

    /* register the framework-specific "is sensitive thread" hook */
    addOption("sensitiveThread", (void*) runtime_isSensitiveThread);

    /* enable verbose; standard options are { jni, gc, class } */
    //addOption("-verbose:jni");
    addOption("-verbose:gc");
    //addOption("-verbose:class");

    /*
     * The default starting and maximum size of the heap.  Larger
     * values should be specified in a product property override.
     */
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heapstartsize", heapstartsizeOptsBuf, "-Xms", "4m");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heapsize", heapsizeOptsBuf, "-Xmx", "16m");

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heapgrowthlimit", heapgrowthlimitOptsBuf, "-XX:HeapGrowthLimit=");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heapminfree", heapminfreeOptsBuf, "-XX:HeapMinFree=");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heapmaxfree", heapmaxfreeOptsBuf, "-XX:HeapMaxFree=");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.heaptargetutilization",
                       heaptargetutilizationOptsBuf,
                       "-XX:HeapTargetUtilization=");

    /*
     * JIT related options.
     */
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.usejit", usejitOptsBuf, "-Xusejit:");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jitmaxsize", jitmaxsizeOptsBuf, "-Xjitmaxsize:");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jitinitialsize", jitinitialsizeOptsBuf, "-Xjitinitialsize:");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jitthreshold", jitthresholdOptsBuf, "-Xjitthreshold:");
    property_get("dalvik.vm.usejitprofiles", useJitProfilesOptsBuf, "");
    if (strcmp(useJitProfilesOptsBuf, "true") == 0) {
        addOption("-Xjitsaveprofilinginfo");
    }

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jitprithreadweight",
                       jitprithreadweightOptBuf,
                       "-Xjitprithreadweight:");

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.jittransitionweight",
                       jittransitionweightOptBuf,
                       "-Xjittransitionweight:");

    property_get("ro.config.low_ram", propBuf, "");
    if (strcmp(propBuf, "true") == 0) {
      addOption("-XX:LowMemoryMode");
    }

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.gctype", gctypeOptsBuf, "-Xgc:");
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.backgroundgctype", backgroundgcOptsBuf, "-XX:BackgroundGC=");

    /*
     * Enable debugging only for apps forked from zygote.
     * Set suspend=y to pause during VM init and use android ADB transport.
     */
    if (zygote) {
      addOption("-agentlib:jdwp=transport=dt_android_adb,suspend=n,server=y");
    }

    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.lockprof.threshold",
                       lockProfThresholdBuf,
                       "-Xlockprofthreshold:");

    if (executionMode == kEMIntPortable) {
        addOption("-Xint:portable");
    } else if (executionMode == kEMIntFast) {
        addOption("-Xint:fast");
    } else if (executionMode == kEMJitCompiler) {
        addOption("-Xint:jit");
    }

    // If we are booting without the real /data, don't spend time compiling.
    property_get("vold.decrypt", voldDecryptBuf, "");
    bool skip_compilation = ((strcmp(voldDecryptBuf, "trigger_restart_min_framework") == 0) ||
                             (strcmp(voldDecryptBuf, "1") == 0));

    // Extra options for boot.art/boot.oat image generation.
    parseCompilerRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.image-dex2oat-Xms", dex2oatXmsImageFlagsBuf,
                               "-Xms", "-Ximage-compiler-option");
    parseCompilerRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.image-dex2oat-Xmx", dex2oatXmxImageFlagsBuf,
                               "-Xmx", "-Ximage-compiler-option");
    if (skip_compilation) {
        addOption("-Ximage-compiler-option");
        addOption("--compiler-filter=assume-verified");
    } else {
        parseCompilerOption("dalvik.vm.image-dex2oat-filter", dex2oatImageCompilerFilterBuf,
                            "--compiler-filter=", "-Ximage-compiler-option");
    }

    // Make sure there is a preloaded-classes file.
    if (!hasFile("/system/etc/preloaded-classes")) {
        ALOGE("Missing preloaded-classes file, /system/etc/preloaded-classes not found: %s\n",
              strerror(errno));
        return -1;
    }
    addOption("-Ximage-compiler-option");
    addOption("--image-classes=/system/etc/preloaded-classes");

    // If there is a compiled-classes file, push it.
    if (hasFile("/system/etc/compiled-classes")) {
        addOption("-Ximage-compiler-option");
        addOption("--compiled-classes=/system/etc/compiled-classes");
    }

    property_get("dalvik.vm.image-dex2oat-flags", dex2oatImageFlagsBuf, "");
    parseExtraOpts(dex2oatImageFlagsBuf, "-Ximage-compiler-option");

    // Extra options for DexClassLoader.
    parseCompilerRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.dex2oat-Xms", dex2oatXmsFlagsBuf,
                               "-Xms", "-Xcompiler-option");
    parseCompilerRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.dex2oat-Xmx", dex2oatXmxFlagsBuf,
                               "-Xmx", "-Xcompiler-option");
    if (skip_compilation) {
        addOption("-Xcompiler-option");
        addOption("--compiler-filter=assume-verified");

        // We skip compilation when a minimal runtime is brought up for decryption. In that case
        // /data is temporarily backed by a tmpfs, which is usually small.
        // If the system image contains prebuilts, they will be relocated into the tmpfs. In this
        // specific situation it is acceptable to *not* relocate and run out of the prebuilts
        // directly instead.
        addOption("--runtime-arg");
        addOption("-Xnorelocate");
    } else {
        parseCompilerOption("dalvik.vm.dex2oat-filter", dex2oatCompilerFilterBuf,
                            "--compiler-filter=", "-Xcompiler-option");
    }
    parseCompilerOption("dalvik.vm.dex2oat-threads", dex2oatThreadsBuf, "-j", "-Xcompiler-option");
    parseCompilerOption("dalvik.vm.image-dex2oat-threads", dex2oatThreadsImageBuf, "-j",
                        "-Ximage-compiler-option");

    // The runtime will compile a boot image, when necessary, not using installd. Thus, we need to
    // pass the instruction-set-features/variant as an image-compiler-option.
    // TODO: Find a better way for the instruction-set.
#if defined(__arm__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "arm";
#elif defined(__aarch64__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "arm64";
#elif defined(__mips__) && !defined(__LP64__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "mips";
#elif defined(__mips__) && defined(__LP64__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "mips64";
#elif defined(__i386__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "x86";
#elif defined(__x86_64__)
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "x86_64";
#else
    constexpr const char* instruction_set = "unknown";
#endif
    // Note: it is OK to reuse the buffer, as the values are exactly the same between
    //       * compiler-option, used for runtime compilation (DexClassLoader)
    //       * image-compiler-option, used for boot-image compilation on device

    // Copy the variant.
    sprintf(dex2oat_isa_variant_key, "dalvik.vm.isa.%s.variant", instruction_set);
    parseCompilerOption(dex2oat_isa_variant_key, dex2oat_isa_variant,
                        "--instruction-set-variant=", "-Ximage-compiler-option");
    parseCompilerOption(dex2oat_isa_variant_key, dex2oat_isa_variant,
                        "--instruction-set-variant=", "-Xcompiler-option");
    // Copy the features.
    sprintf(dex2oat_isa_features_key, "dalvik.vm.isa.%s.features", instruction_set);
    parseCompilerOption(dex2oat_isa_features_key, dex2oat_isa_features,
                        "--instruction-set-features=", "-Ximage-compiler-option");
    parseCompilerOption(dex2oat_isa_features_key, dex2oat_isa_features,
                        "--instruction-set-features=", "-Xcompiler-option");


    property_get("dalvik.vm.dex2oat-flags", dex2oatFlagsBuf, "");
    parseExtraOpts(dex2oatFlagsBuf, "-Xcompiler-option");

    /* extra options; parse this late so it overrides others */
    property_get("dalvik.vm.extra-opts", extraOptsBuf, "");
    parseExtraOpts(extraOptsBuf, NULL);

    /* Set the properties for locale */
    {
        strcpy(localeOption, "-Duser.locale=");
        const std::string locale = readLocale();
        strncat(localeOption, locale.c_str(), PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX);
        addOption(localeOption);
    }

    // Trace files are stored in /data/misc/trace which is writable only in debug mode.
    property_get("ro.debuggable", propBuf, "0");
    if (strcmp(propBuf, "1") == 0) {
        property_get("dalvik.vm.method-trace", propBuf, "false");
        if (strcmp(propBuf, "true") == 0) {
            addOption("-Xmethod-trace");
            parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.method-trace-file",
                               methodTraceFileBuf,
                               "-Xmethod-trace-file:");
            parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.method-trace-file-siz",
                               methodTraceFileSizeBuf,
                               "-Xmethod-trace-file-size:");
            property_get("dalvik.vm.method-trace-stream", propBuf, "false");
            if (strcmp(propBuf, "true") == 0) {
                addOption("-Xmethod-trace-stream");
            }
        }
    }

    // Native bridge library. "0" means that native bridge is disabled.
    property_get("ro.dalvik.vm.native.bridge", propBuf, "");
    if (propBuf[0] == '\0') {
        ALOGW("ro.dalvik.vm.native.bridge is not expected to be empty");
    } else if (strcmp(propBuf, "0") != 0) {
        snprintf(nativeBridgeLibrary, sizeof("-XX:NativeBridge=") + PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX,
                 "-XX:NativeBridge=%s", propBuf);
        addOption(nativeBridgeLibrary);
    }

#if defined(__LP64__)
    const char* cpu_abilist_property_name = "ro.product.cpu.abilist64";
#else
    const char* cpu_abilist_property_name = "ro.product.cpu.abilist32";
#endif  // defined(__LP64__)
    property_get(cpu_abilist_property_name, propBuf, "");
    if (propBuf[0] == '\0') {
        ALOGE("%s is not expected to be empty", cpu_abilist_property_name);
        return -1;
    }
    snprintf(cpuAbiListBuf, sizeof(cpuAbiListBuf), "--cpu-abilist=%s", propBuf);
    addOption(cpuAbiListBuf);

    // Dalvik-cache pruning counter.
    parseRuntimeOption("dalvik.vm.zygote.max-boot-retry", cachePruneBuf,
                       "-Xzygote-max-boot-retry=");

    /*
     * When running with debug.generate-debug-info, add --generate-debug-info to
     * the compiler options so that the boot image, if it is compiled on device,
     * will include native debugging information.
     */
    property_get("debug.generate-debug-info", propBuf, "");
    if (strcmp(propBuf, "true") == 0) {
        addOption("-Xcompiler-option");
        addOption("--generate-debug-info");
        addOption("-Ximage-compiler-option");
        addOption("--generate-debug-info");
    }

    /*
     * Retrieve the build fingerprint and provide it to the runtime. That way, ANR dumps will
     * contain the fingerprint and can be parsed.
     */
    parseRuntimeOption("ro.build.fingerprint", fingerprintBuf, "-Xfingerprint:");

    initArgs.version = JNI_VERSION_1_4;
    initArgs.options = mOptions.editArray();
    initArgs.nOptions = mOptions.size();
    initArgs.ignoreUnrecognized = JNI_FALSE;

    /*
     * Initialize the VM.
     *
     * The JavaVM* is essentially per-process, and the JNIEnv* is per-thread.
     * If this call succeeds, the VM is ready, and we can start issuing
     * JNI calls.
     */
    if (JNI_CreateJavaVM(pJavaVM, pEnv, &initArgs) < 0) {
        ALOGE("JNI_CreateJavaVM failed\n");
        return -1;
    }

    return 0;
}

char* AndroidRuntime::toSlashClassName(const char* className)
{
    char* result = strdup(className);
    for (char* cp = result; *cp != '\0'; cp++) {
        if (*cp == '.') {
            *cp = '/';
        }
    }
    return result;
}

Java层ZygoteInit的main

代码路径frameworks/base/core/java/com/android/internal/os/ZygoteInit.java

main函数的主要作用就是启动SystemServer服务,并用socket监听.

下面分析下源码:

   public static void main(String argv[]) {
 //**************** 第一部分 **********************
        ZygoteServer zygoteServer = new ZygoteServer();

        // Mark zygote start. This ensures that thread creation will throw
        // an error.
        ZygoteHooks.startZygoteNoThreadCreation();

        // Zygote goes into its own process group.
        try {
            Os.setpgid(0, 0);
        } catch (ErrnoException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Failed to setpgid(0,0)", ex);
        }

        try {
            // Report Zygote start time to tron unless it is a runtime restart
            if (!"1".equals(SystemProperties.get("sys.boot_completed"))) {
                MetricsLogger.histogram(null, "boot_zygote_init",
                        (int) SystemClock.elapsedRealtime());
            }

            String bootTimeTag = Process.is64Bit() ? "Zygote64Timing" : "Zygote32Timing";
            BootTimingsTraceLog bootTimingsTraceLog = new BootTimingsTraceLog(bootTimeTag,
                    Trace.TRACE_TAG_DALVIK);
            bootTimingsTraceLog.traceBegin("ZygoteInit");
            RuntimeInit.enableDdms();
            // Start profiling the zygote initialization.
            SamplingProfilerIntegration.start();

            boolean startSystemServer = false;
            String socketName = "zygote";
            String abiList = null;
            boolean enableLazyPreload = false;
            for (int i = 1; i < argv.length; i++) {
                if ("start-system-server".equals(argv[i])) {
                    startSystemServer = true;
                } else if ("--enable-lazy-preload".equals(argv[i])) {
                    enableLazyPreload = true;
                } else if (argv[i].startsWith(ABI_LIST_ARG)) {
                    abiList = argv[i].substring(ABI_LIST_ARG.length());
                } else if (argv[i].startsWith(SOCKET_NAME_ARG)) {
                    socketName = argv[i].substring(SOCKET_NAME_ARG.length());
                } else {
                    throw new RuntimeException("Unknown command line argument: " + argv[i]);
                }
            }
 //**************** 第二部分 **********************
            if (abiList == null) {
                throw new RuntimeException("No ABI list supplied.");
            }

            zygoteServer.registerServerSocket(socketName);
            // In some configurations, we avoid preloading resources and classes eagerly.
            // In such cases, we will preload things prior to our first fork.
            if (!enableLazyPreload) {
                bootTimingsTraceLog.traceBegin("ZygotePreload");
                EventLog.writeEvent(LOG_BOOT_PROGRESS_PRELOAD_START,
                    SystemClock.uptimeMillis());
                preload(bootTimingsTraceLog);
                EventLog.writeEvent(LOG_BOOT_PROGRESS_PRELOAD_END,
                    SystemClock.uptimeMillis());
                bootTimingsTraceLog.traceEnd(); // ZygotePreload
            } else {
                Zygote.resetNicePriority();
            }
 //**************** 第三部分 **********************
            // Finish profiling the zygote initialization.
            SamplingProfilerIntegration.writeZygoteSnapshot();

            // Do an initial gc to clean up after startup
            bootTimingsTraceLog.traceBegin("PostZygoteInitGC");
            gcAndFinalize();
            bootTimingsTraceLog.traceEnd(); // PostZygoteInitGC

            bootTimingsTraceLog.traceEnd(); // ZygoteInit
            // Disable tracing so that forked processes do not inherit stale tracing tags from
            // Zygote.
            Trace.setTracingEnabled(false);

            // Zygote process unmounts root storage spaces.
            Zygote.nativeUnmountStorageOnInit();

            // Set seccomp policy
            Seccomp.setPolicy();

            ZygoteHooks.stopZygoteNoThreadCreation();
 //**************** 第四部分 **********************
            if (startSystemServer) {
                startSystemServer(abiList, socketName, zygoteServer);
            }
 //**************** 第五部分 **********************
            Log.i(TAG, "Accepting command socket connections");
            zygoteServer.runSelectLoop(abiList);

            zygoteServer.closeServerSocket();
        } catch (Zygote.MethodAndArgsCaller caller) {
            caller.run();
        } catch (Throwable ex) {
            Log.e(TAG, "System zygote died with exception", ex);
            zygoteServer.closeServerSocket();
            throw ex;
        }
    }

源码功能大致分为五个部分:
1. 解析调用的参数,即argv[]
2.初始化zygoteServer,并注册Zygote的socket监听接口
3.装载系统资源,
4.startSystemServer()方法启动SystemServer进程
5.进入监听和接收消息的循环

到这里就是启动了java层.O(∩_∩)O哈哈~

参考

Android系统启动——4 zyogte进程 (C篇)
Android系统启动——5 zyogte进程(Java篇)